Resources for Research

The BNHM offers many resources for research, from services and tools to primary biodiversity data.

Projects in this menu are direct links to resources that support education, research and conservation.

We share much as possible of our collection data via Integrated Publishing Toolkit (IPT) archives to these data aggregators:

Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)
Holos: Berkeley Ecoinformatic Engine
iDigBio (Integrated Digitized Biocollections)
NEOMAP (Neogene Mammal Mapping Portal)

Our collection of references on the Value of Natural History Museums (Zotero Bibliography Library)

Colella, J. P., Bates, J., Burneo, S. F., Camacho, M. A., Bonilla, C. C., Constable, I., D’Elía, G., Dunnum, J. L., Greiman, S., Hoberg, E. P., Lessa, E., Liphardt, S. W., Londoño-Gaviria, M., Losos, E., Lutz, H. L., Garza, N. O., Peterson, A. T., Martin, M. L., Ribas, C. C., … Cook, J. A. (2021). Leveraging natural history biorepositories as a global, decentralized, pathogen surveillance network. PLOS Pathogens, 17(6), e1009583. Cite
Bakker, F. T., Antonelli, A., Clarke, J. A., Cook, J. A., Edwards, S. V., Ericson, P. G. P., Faurby, S., Ferrand, N., Gelang, M., Gillespie, R. G., Irestedt, M., Lundin, K., Larsson, E., Matos-Maraví, P., Müller, J., Proschwitz, T. von, Roderick, G. K., Schliep, A., Wahlberg, N., … Källersjö, M. (2020). The Global Museum: natural history collections and the future of evolutionary science and public education. PeerJ, 8, e8225. Cite
Drew, J. A., Moreau, C. S., & Stiassny, M. L. J. (2017). Digitization of museum collections holds the potential to enhance researcher diversity. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 1(12), 1789–1790. Cite
Grinnell, J. (1921). The Museum Conscience. Cite
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (2020). “Biological Collections: Ensuring Critical Research and Education for the 21st Century” at Cite
Marshall, C. R., Finnegan, S., Clites, E. C., Holroyd, P. A., Bonuso, N., Cortez, C., Davis, E., Dietl, G. P., Druckenmiller, P. S., Eng, R. C., Garcia, C., Estes-Smargiassi, K., Hendy, A., Hollis, K. A., Little, H., Nesbitt, E. A., Roopnarine, P., Skibinski, L., Vendetti, J., & White, L. D. (2018). Quantifying the dark data in museum fossil collections as palaeontology undergoes a second digital revolution. Biology Letters, 14(9), 20180431. Cite
Buerki, S., & Baker, W. J. (2016). Collections-based research in the genomic era. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 117(1), 5–10. Cite
Runte, A. (2016, September 18). “Animal Life As An Asset Of National Parks,” A Path-Breaking Essay. Cite
D’Elia, J., Haig, S. M., Mullins, T. D., & Miller, M. P. (2016). Ancient DNA reveals substantial genetic diversity in the California Condor (Gymnogyps californianus) prior to a population bottleneck. The Condor, 118(4), 703–714. Cite
Schmitt, C. J., Cook, J. A., Zamudio, K. R., & Edwards, S. V. (2019). Museum specimens of terrestrial vertebrates are sensitive indicators of environmental change in the Anthropocene. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B, 374(1763), 20170387. Cite
Grinnell, J., & Storer, T. I. (1916). Animal Life as an Asset of National Parks. Science, 44(1133), 375–380. Cite
Hiller, A. E., Cicero, C., Albe, M. J., Barclay, T. L. W., Spencer, C. L., Koo, M. S., Bowie, R. C. K., & Lacey, E. A. (2017). Mutualism in museums: A model for engaging undergraduates in biodiversity science. PLOS Biology, 15(11), e2003318. Cite
La Salle, J., Williams, K., & Moritz, C. (2016). Biodiversity analysis in the digital era. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. Cite
Grinnell, J. (1910, December). The Methods and Uses of a Research Museum. The Popular Science Monthly, 77, 163–169. Cite
Pettitt, C. (1997). The cultural impact of natural science collections. Cite
Collections in the News: In the News: Preserving Collections and their Museums. (2014). Cite
Boakes, E. H., McGowan, P. J. K., Fuller, R. A., Chang-qing, D., Clark, N. E., O’Connor, K., & Mace, G. M. (2010). Distorted Views of Biodiversity: Spatial and Temporal Bias in Species Occurrence Data. PLOS Biol, 8(6), e1000385. Cite
Baird, R. C. (2010). Leveraging the fullest potential of scientific collections through digitisation. Biodiversity Informatics, 7(2). Cite
Grinnell, J. (1912). An Afternoon’s Field Notes. The Condor, 14(3), 104–107. Cite
WINKER, K. (2009, January 20). Natural History Museums in a Postbiodiversity Era [Research-article]. Cite
SUAREZ, A. V., & TSUTSUI, N. D. (2009, January 19). The Value of Museum Collections for Research and Society [Research-article]. Cite
Kemp, C. (2015). Museums: The endangered dead. Nature, 518(7539), 292–294. Cite
Rogers, N. (2016). Museum drawers go digital. Science, 352(6287), 762–765. Cite
Scoble, M. (2010, October 11). Rationale and Value of Natural History Collections Digitisation [Text.Serial.Journal]. Cite
Holmes, M. W., Hammond, T. T., Wogan, G. O. U., Walsh, R. E., LaBarbera, K., Wommack, E. A., Martins, F. M., Crawford, J. C., Mack, K. L., Bloch, L. M., & Nachman, M. W. (2016). Natural history collections as windows on evolutionary processes. Molecular Ecology, 25(4), 864–881. Cite
Mason, B. (2011). Beautiful Data: The Art of Science Field Notes. WIRED. Cite
Feeley, K. J., & Silman, M. R. (2011). Keep collecting: accurate species distribution modelling requires more collections than previously thought. Diversity and Distributions, 17(6). Cite
Cook, J. A., Edwards, S. V., Lacey, E. A., Guralnick, R. P., Soltis, P. S., Soltis, D. E., Welch, C. K., Bell, K. C., Galbreath, K. E., Himes, C., Allen, J. M., Heath, T. A., Carnaval, A. C., Cooper, K. L., Liu, M., Hanken, J., & Ickert-Bond, S. (2014). Natural History Collections as Emerging Resources for Innovative Education. BioScience, 64(8), 725–734. Cite
Thomer, A., Vaidya, G., Guralnick, R., Bloom, D., & Russell, L. (2012). From documents to datasets: A MediaWiki-based method of annotating and extracting species observations in century-old field notebooks. ZooKeys, 209(0), 235–253. Cite
Bi, K., Linderoth, T., Vanderpool, D., Good, J. M., Nielsen, R., & Moritz, C. (2013). Unlocking the vault: next-generation museum population genomics. Molecular Ecology, 22(24), 6018–6032. Cite
Nachman, M. W. (2013). Genomics and museum specimens. Molecular Ecology, 22(24), 5966–5968. Cite
Guralnick, R. P., & Lane, M. (2007). Towards a collaborative, global infrastructure for biodiversity assessment. Ecology Letters, 10(8), 663–672. Cite
Smith, A. B., Santos, M. J., Koo, M. S., Rowe, K. M. C., Rowe, K. C., Patton, J. L., Perrine, J. D., Beissinger, S. R., & Moritz, C. (2013). Evaluation of species distribution models by resampling of sites surveyed a century ago by Joseph Grinnell. Ecography, no–no. Cite
Fontaine, B., Perrard, A., & Bouchet, P. (2012). 21 years of shelf life between discovery and description of new species. Current Biology, 22(22), R943–R944. Cite
KRISHTALKA, L., & HUMPHREY, P. S. (2000). Can Natural History Museums Capture the Future? BioScience, 50(7), 611–617.[0611:CNHMCT]2.0.CO;2 Cite
Hekkala, E., Shirley, M. H., Amato, G., Austin, J. D., Charter, S., Thorbjarnarson, J., Vliet, K. A., Houck, M. L., Desalle, R., & Blum, M. J. (2011). An ancient icon reveals new mysteries: mummy DNA resurrects a cryptic species within the Nile crocodile. Molecular Ecology. Cite
Drew, J. (2011). The Role of Natural History Institutions and Bioinformatics in Conservation Biology. Conservation Biology, 25(6), 1250–1252. Cite
Baker, B. (2011). New Push to Bring US Biological Collections to the World’s Online Community. BioScience, 61, 657–662. Cite
Ilerbaig, J. (2010). Specimens as Records: Scientific Practice and Recordkeeping in Natural History Research. American Archivist, 73(2), 463–482. Cite
Pearson, D. L., Hamilton, A. L., & Erwin, T. L. (2011). Recovery Plan for the Endangered Taxonomy Profession. BioScience, 61(1), 58–63. Cite
Lips, K. R. (2011). Museum collections: Mining the past to manage the future. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108(23), 9323–9324. Cite
Johnson, K. G., Brooks, S. J., Fenberg, P. B., Glover, A. G., James, K. E., Lister, A. M., Michel, E., Spencer, M., Todd, J. A., Valsami-Jones, E., Young, J. R., & Stewart, J. R. (2011). Climate Change and Biosphere Response: Unlocking the Collections Vault. BioScience, 61(2), 147–153. Cite
Graham, C. H., Ferrier, S., Huettman, F., Moritz, C., & Peterson, A. T. (2004). New developments in museum-based informatics and applications in biodiversity analysis. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 19(9), 497–503. Cite